Science labs and experiments for k-12 meterologists

University of Georgia (UGA) College of Agriculture and Environmental Science brings the exciting world of meteorological science to homeschools and traditional classrooms. The Georgia Weather School keeps kids from 1st grade and up excited about the weather with fun labs, experiments, games, and crafts. Any day is a great day to encourage your students to study the sky, assess the atmosphere, and watch the weather. The experiments and labs are are in PDF form and can be downloaded effort free. They can be used by anyone anywhere. So, gather the kiddos and let’s learn more about meteorology compliments of UGA.

For grades 3rd - 5th. WARNING: Involves use of matches. Adult supervision required.
For grades 3rd – 5th. WARNING: Involves use of matches. Adult supervision required.
  • Cloud in a bottle:  Students use a plastic bottle, hot water, ice, and a match to  investigate the conditions needed for cloud formation. In addition, students differentiate between the states of water and how they relate to the water cycle and weather.; investigate how clouds are formed; and recognize the significant role of water in earth processes.  Students also relate various atmospheric conditions to stages of the water cycle (Grade K-3rd).  Cloud in a bottle PDF.
  • Warm air vs. cold air. Students use a balloon to differentiate between the states of water and how they relate to the water cycle and weather; also investigate how clouds are formed (Grade K-3rd). Warm air vs. cold air PDF
  • “Weather or Not” – Students will identify and describe different forms of precipitation and sky conditions. Students analyze – rain, snow, sleet, hail, Clouds and fog (Grade 4). Weather or Not PDF.
  • Modeling El Niño students simulate an the “El Niño” weather event and simulate the effects of global winds on deep ocean movement. El Niño is the name given to weather events that occur in a cyclic pattern. It is an abnormal warming of surface ocean waters in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean (Grades 6-8). Modeling El Niño PDF
  • Climates of the world Students organize information related to the locations of the world climates, as well as identify connections between climate and the Earth’s tilt (Grades 6-8).Climates of the world PDF.
  • Decoding the past using tree rings  Students investigate tree ring patterns to determine a tree’s history (Grades 6-8). Decoding the past using tree rings PDF.
  • Layers of the Atmosphere – Students will research and examine the layers of the Earth’s present day atmosphere.   Students will relate the formation, structure and composition of Earth’s atmosphere to the processes that cause weather and examine the chemical composition, location and characteristics of the layers of Earth’s present day atmosphere (Grades 9 – 12). Layers of the atmosphere PDF. 
  • Theories of Atmospheric Origins – Students will research and examine the formation of Titan’s atmosphere and draw correlations between Saturn’s moon’s atmospheric formation and the origins of the Earth’s atmosphere.  Theories of Atmospheric Origins PDF.

VOCABULARY: 

Condensation
Condensation
  • anemometer – A weather instrument that measures the wind speed.
  • atmosphere – A layer of gases surrounding a planet. The Earth’s atmosphere is divided into five layers: exosphere, thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, and troposphere.
  • barometer – an instrument that measures air pressure.
  • climate describes the average weather conditions in a certain place or during a certain season. Weather may change from day to day, but climate changes only over hundreds or thousands of years. Many animals and plants need one kind of climate to survive. Dolphins and palm trees can live only in a warm climate, while polar bears and spruce trees need a cold climate.
  •  cloud – a visible collection of tiny water droplets or, at colder temperatures, ice crystals floating in the air above the surface. Clouds come in many different sizes and shapes. Clouds can form at ground level, which is fog, at great heights in the atmosphere, and everywhere in between. Clouds offer important clues to understanding and forecasting the weather.
  • condensation– the change of water vapor to liquid water, as when fog or dew forms; the water droplets that develop on a a soda can; the water that fogs up your sunglasses when you step outside on a hot on a hot day.
  • dew – water that forms on objects close to the ground when its temperature falls below the dew point of the surface air.
  • El Niño – the unusual warming of the surface waters of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. It causes changes in wind patterns that have major effects on weather all across the globe.
  • evaporation – The process of changing a liquid (like water) to a vapor. It’s the opposite of condensation.
  • fog – a cloud on the ground that reduces visibility.
  • funnel cloud – a tornado that doesn’t reach the ground. It has a rotating cone-shaped column of air extending downward from the base of a cumulonimbus or thunderstorm cloud, but whose circulation does not make contact with the ground.
  • hail– a mixture of liquid and frozen precipitation. Hailstones are composed of layers of ice and can become quite large when strong gusts of upward-moving air keep them inside the cloud they move around inside the cloud they collide with raindrops, adding layers and growing before they fall to earth.
  • heat index– the ‘feel like’ temperature on a hot day. The heat index is a number that expresses the warming effect of humidity at different temperatures. Only air temperature and relative humidity are used in the calculation of heat index.
  • humidity- the amount of water vapor in the air.
  • hurricane an itense storm with swirling winds up to 150 miles per hour. Usually around 300 miles across, hurricanes are 1,000-5,000 times larger than tornadoes. Hurricanes are known by different names around the world. In Japan they are Typhoons, while Australians call them Willy-Willys.
  • meterologist a scientist who studies and predicts the weather. Meteorologists use sophisticated equipment, like Doppler radar and supercomputers, but they also rely on old-fashioned sky watching.
  • meteorology the study of the atmosphere and all its phenomena, including weather and how to forecast it.
  • precipitation the general name for water in any form falling from clouds. This includes rain, drizzle, hail, snow and sleet. Dew, frost and fog are not considered to be precipitation.

Want more?

TAMS and ED stands for Technology, Language Arts, Math, Science, and Education. We provide a tough yet achievable home school for students who need personal attention in a safe home environment. We utilize a number of cross-curricular teaching tools including standard textbooks, computers and technology, academic excursions, and hands-n learning. Our qualified Board of directors consist of certified educators,  parents, and administrators who are passionate about challenging every child to reach for the academic stars.

We promote diversity and tolerance in a safe learning environment. For TAMS and ED students, the world is their classroom. Come and join us!

Felicia Moon-Thomas, Director

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